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Prince '''Pyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin''' (;[ "Kropotkin"]. ''Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary''. ; December 9, 1842 – February 8, 1921) was a Russian geography|geographer, economist, activist, philology|philologist, zoology|zoologist, evolution|evolutionary theorist, philosopher, writer, and prominent Anarchism|anarchist. Kropotkin advocated a communist society free from central government and based on voluntary associations between workers. He wrote many books, pamphlets and articles, the most prominent being ''The Conquest of Bread'' and ''Fields, Factories and Workshops'', and his principal scientific offering, ''Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution''. He also contributed the article on anarchism to the ''Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh...
Birth namePyotr Alexeyevich Kropotkin
Birth date{{birth date|1842|12|9}}
Birth placeMoscow, Russian Empire
Death date{{death date and age|1921|2|8|1842|12|9}}
Death placeDmitrov, Russian SFSR
Era{{unbulleted list |19th-century philosophy |20th-century philosophy}}
Region{{unbulleted list |Russian philosophy |Western philosophy}}
School traditionAnarchist communism
Main interests{{hlist |Authority |Cooperation |Politics |Revolution |Labour relations|Labor |Economics |Agriculture |Evolution |Geography |Literature |Science |Philosophy |Ethics}}
Notable ideas{{unbulleted list |Founder of anarchist communism |Mutual aid (organization theory)|Mutual aid |Abolition of wage-labor |Four-hour workday |Voluntary community|Voluntary communes |''The Conquest of Bread'' |''Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution'' |{{nowrap|''Fields, Factories and Workshops''}}}}
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